Iranian Journal of Psychiatry 2017. 12(3):188-193.

Prevalence of risky behaviors and related factors among students of Dezful University of Medical Sciences in 2014
Malihe sohrabivafa, Zaher Khazaei, Mohammad Ali Tosang, Seyedeh Zeynab Molaei Zadeh, salman khazaei, Elham Goodarzi, Alireza alikhani, Zahra Sadat Asadi, Seyedeh Leila Dehghani, Reza Beiranvand


Introduction: Adolescence is a period of evolution that there is the incidence probability of risky behaviors such as drug abuse, risky sexual behavior and compatibility problems. The goal of this study was to investigate the prevalence rate of risky behaviors among students of Dezful University of Medical Sciences in 2014.

Method: This is a descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study, which cluster random sampling were used to selecting subjects. Young's Risk Behaviors Scale (YRBS) was used to evaluate risky behaviors and factors affecting it. The mean, standard deviation, Chi-square tests, t-tests and ANOVA were used to analysis of data.

Results: The study was included 150 (50%) female and 150 (50%) male. The most frequency was the age group of 20-24 years old. There was a statistically significant difference between average scores of risky behaviors among female and male students (p˂0.05). The results of study showed that the prevalence of risky behaviors, high speed in driving and drug consumption is different in various fields of study (p˂0.05).

Conclusion: The prevalence of risky behaviors among students of Dezful University is relatively low, and the prevalence of these behaviors in girls was far less than male students. Risky behaviors were associated with background variables exception of mother's job.



Dezful; Iran; Risky Behavior; drug abuse; risky sexual behavior; Students

Full Text:



Eccles JS, Midgley C, Wigfield A, Buchanan CM, Reuman D, Flanagan C, et al. Development during adolescence. The impact of stage-environment fit on young adolescents' experiences in schools and in families. Am Psychol 1993; 48: 90-101.

Amitai M, Apter A. Social aspects of suicidal behavior and prevention in early life: a review. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2012; 9: 985-994.

Khazaei Z, Khazaei S, Valizadeh R, Mazharmanesh S , Mirmoeini R, Mamdohi S, et al. The Epidemiology of Injuries and Accidents in Children Under one Year of Age, during (2009-2016) in Hamadan Province, Iran. Int J Pediatr 2016; 4: 2213-2220.

Umberson D, Crosnoe R, Reczek C. Social Relationships and Health Behavior Across Life Course. Annu Rev Sociol 2010; 36: 139-157.

Sturm R. The effects of obesity, smoking, and drinking on medical problems and costs. Health Aff (Millwood2002; 21: 245-253.

Khazaei S, Mazharmanesh S, Khazaei Z, Goodarzi E, Mirmoini R, Mohammadian-Hafshejani A, et al. [An epidemiological study on the incidence of accidents in the Hamadan province during 2009 to 2014 (Persian)]. Pajouhan Scientific Journal 2016; 14: 8-16.

Lee CW, Kwak NK. Strategic Enterprise Resource Planning in a Health-Care System Using a Multicriteria Decision-Making Model. J Med Syst 2011; 35: 265-275.

Hindin MJ, Fatusi AO. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health in developing countries: an overview of trends and interventions. Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health 2009; 35: 58-62.

Guttmacher S, Kelly PJ, Ruiz-Janecko Y. Community-Based Health Interventions: John Wiley & Sons; 2010.

Metintaş S, Sariboyaci M, Nuhoğlu S, Metintaş M, Kalyoncu C, Etiz S, et al. Smoking patterns of university students in Eskişehir, Turkey. Public Health 1998; 112: 261-4.

Tehran Municipipality. Action Report of Director Genaral Ofiice for Health. Tehran: Tehran Municipipality; 2012-2013.

Teddle C, Tashakkori A. Foundations of mixed methods research: integrating quantitatives and qualitatives appraches in the social and behavioral sciences: SAGE; 2009.

Moser AM, Reggiani C, Urbanetz A. [Risky sexual behavior among university students in health science courses]. Rev Assoc Med Bras 2007; 53:116-121.

Cooper ML. Alcohol use and risky sexual behavior among college students and youth: evaluating the evidence. J Stud Alcohol Suppl 2002; 101-117.

Rakhshani F, Sepehri Z, Keikha M, Rakhshani T, Ebrahimi M. Paan Use in South-Eastern Iran: The Associated Factors. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2011; 13: 659-663.

Larki M TM, Latifnejad Roudsari M, Babaee A. The Impact of an Educational Program on Knowledge and Attitude of Female Sex Workers in Preventing High Risk Sexual Behaviours. J Midwife Reproductive health 2015; 3: 298-304.

Ghaderi M, Ahmadi Z, Darabzadeh F, Nasiri M, Fakouri E. [Correlation between Emotional Intelligence and Risky Sexual Behaviors in Nursing Students of Khozestan Province Universities in 2013 (Persian)]. J Clin Res Paramed Sci 2015; 4: 52-62.

Hedayati-Moghaddam MR, Eftekharzadeh-Mashhadi I, Fathimoghadam F, Pourafzali SJ. Sexual and Reproductive Behaviors among Undergraduate University Students in Mashhad, a City in Northeast of Iran. J Reprod Infertil 2015; 16: 43-48.

DuRant RH, Smith JA, Kreiter SR, Krowchuk DP. The relationship between early age of onset of initial substance use and engaging in multiple health risk behaviors among young adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1999; 153: 286-291.

Dehghani Z, Zareh A, Dehghani H, Sedghi H, Poormuvahed Z. [Prevalence and factors associated with drug abuse among students of Yazd University of Medical Sciences (persion)]. Journal of Shaheed Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences 2010; 18: 164-169

Mehrabi H, Kajbaf M, Mojahed A. [Forecast of sensation seeking and risk-taking behaviors based on demographic factors of the students. Psychological Studies (Persian)]. Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Al-Zahra 2011; 6: 141-166.

Brener ND, Collins JL, Kann L, Warren CW, Williams BI. Reliability of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey Questionnaire. Am J Epidemiol 1995; 141: 575-580.

Rahmati-Najarkolaei F, Kamalikhah T, Goldoust-Marandy F, Mohammadreza J. A Comparative Study of Health-risk Behaviors of Boys and Girls of Freshmen Year at Tehran University, Iran. Iran J Health Sci 2014; 2:15-23.

Jalilian F, Karami Matin B, Ahmadpanah M, Ataee M, Ahmadi Jouybari T, Eslami AA, et al. Socio-demographic characteristics associated with cigarettes smoking, drug abuse and alcohol drinking among male medical university students in Iran. J Res Health Sci 2015; 15: 42-46.

Heydari ST, Izedi S, Sarikhani Y, Kalani N, Akbary A, Miri A, et al. The Prevalence of Substance use and Associated Risk Factors Among University Students in the City of Jahrom, Southern Iran. Int J High Risk Behav Addict 2015; 4: e22381.

Kann L, McManus T, Harris WA, Shanklin SL, Flint KH, Hawkins J, et al. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance - United States, 2015. MMWR Surveill Summ 2016; 65: 1-174.

Atwoli L, Mungla PA, Ndung'u MN, Kinoti KC, Ogot EM. Prevalence of substance use among college students in Eldoret, western Kenya. BMC Psychiatry 2011; 11: 34.

Mohler-Kuo M, Lee JE, Wechsler H. Trends in marijuana and other illicit drug use among college students: results from 4 Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study surveys: 1993–2001. J Am Coll Health 2003; 52:17-24.

Caico C. Sexually risky behavior in college-aged students. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine 2014; 4: 354-364.

Timmerman G, Bajema C. The impact of organizational culture on perceptions and experiences of sexual harassment. Journal of Vocational Behavior 2000; 57: 188-205

Raghibi M. Examining high risk behaviors among students of Zahedan Universities. Int J High Risk Behav Addict 2012; 1: 39-43.

Rustagi N, Taneja D, Mishra P, Ingle G. Cardiovascular Risk Behavior among Students of a Medical College in Delhi. Indian J Community Med 2011; 36: 51-53.

Croisant SA, Haque Laz T, Rahman M, Berenson AB. Gender differences in risk behaviors among high school youth. Glob Adv Health Med 2013; 2: 16-22.

Tahour-Soltani A. The Comparison of Risky Behaviors and Some of Their Underlying Factors in the College Students from Military and Non-Military Families. Journal Mil Med 2015; 17: 163-170.

Jafari Mianaei S, Alaei Karahroudi F, Rasouli M. [Study of the impacts of rehabilitation program on mothers with premature hospitalized infants (Persian)]. Education & Ethic In Nursing 2013; 1: 2-37.

Warr P, Jackson P, Banks M. Unemployment and mental health: Some British studies. Journal of social issues 1988; 44: 47-68.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.