Original Article

Determining Risky Driving according to the Constructs of Mentalization and Personality Organization with the Modifying Role of Aggressive Driving


Objective: This study aimed to model risky driving and predict its occurrence according to the constructs of personality organization and mentalization considering the role of aggressive driving as a mediator construct.
Method: A total of 428 individuals (219 men and 209 women) were selected using convenience sampling. The participants completed self-report questionnaires on aggressive driving, risky driving, mentalization and personality organization Also, data were analyzed using structural equating model and weighted regression.
Results: The results of this study showed a goof fit of the proposed structural model for predicting risky driving after some modifications (CFI = 0.95, RMSEA = 0.09). According to the results of regression weights, personality organization (regression weighted: 0.044) and aggressive driving (regression weighted: 0.98) were the strongest and mentalization (regression weighted: 0.004) was the weakest predictor of risky driving. Aggressive driving was the strongest direct predictor and personality organization the strongest indirect predictor of risky driving.
Conclusion: Risky driving is a function of direct and indirect personal factors. Moreover, emotional factors have a direct effect on risky driving and more substantial constructs, such as personality, have an indirect effect on risky driving.

1. WHO. Global Status Report on Rod Safety. 2018
2. Jafarpour S, Rahimi-Movaghar V. Determinants of risky driving behavior: a narrative review. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2014; 28: 142.
3. Danaf M, Abou-Zeid M, Kaysi I. Modeling anger and aggressive driving behavior in a dynamic choice–latent variable model Accid Anal Prev. 2015;75:105-18.
4. Dula CS, Geller ES, Chumney FL. A social-cognitive model of driver aggression: Taking situations and individual differences into account. Current Psychology. 2011;30(4):324-34.
5. Feng Z, Lei Y, Liu H, Kumfer WJ, Zhang W, Wang K, et al. Driving anger in China: A case study on professional drivers. Transportation research part F: traffic psychology and behaviour. 2016;42:255-66.
6. Gordon H. Psychiatry, the law and death on the roads. Advances in Psychiatric treatment. 2004 Nov;10(6):439-45.
7. Smits DJ, Vermote R, Claes L, Vertommen H. The inventory of personality organization–revised: construction of an abridged version. European journal of psychological assessment. 2009;25(4):223-30.
8. Kernberg O. Borderline personality organization. J Am Psychoanal Assoc. 1967;15(3):641-85.
9. Blaya C, Dornelles M, Blaya R, Kipper L, Heldt E, Isolan L, Bond M, Manfro GG. Do defense mechanisms vary according to the psychiatric disorder?. Braz J Psychiatry. 2006;28(3):179-83.
10. Esguevillas Á, Díaz-Caneja CM, Arango C, Del Rey-Mejías ÁL, Bernardo EG, Delgado C, Clarkin JF, Carrasco JL. Personality organization and its association with clinical and functional features in borderline personality disorder. Psychiatry Res. 2018;262:393-9.
11. Tao D, Zhang R, Qu X. The role of personality traits and driving experience in self-reported risky driving behaviors and accident risk among Chinese drivers. Accid Anal Prev. 2017;99(Pt A):228-235.
12. Lev D, Hershkovitz E, Yechiam E. Decision making and personality in traffic offenders: A study of Israeli drivers. Accid Anal Prev. 2008;40(1):223-30.
13. Jovanović D, Lipovac K, Stanojević P, Stanojević D. The effects of personality traits on driving-related anger and aggressive behaviour in traffic among Serbian drivers. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 2011;14(1):43-53.
14. Beanland V, Sellbom M, Johnson AK. Personality domains and traits that predict self-reported aberrant driving behaviours in a southeastern US university sample. Accid Anal Prev. 2014;72:184-92.
15. Edwards BD, Warren CR, Tubré TC, Zyphur MJ, Hoffner-Prillaman R. The validity of narcissism and driving anger in predicting aggressive driving in a sample of young drivers. Human Performance. 2013;26(3):191-210.
16. Endriulaitienė A, Šeibokaitė L, Žardeckaitė-Matulaitienė K, Markšaitytė R, Slavinskienė J. Attitudes towards risky driving and Dark Triad personality traits in a group of learner drivers. Transportation research part F: traffic psychology and behaviour. 2018;56:362-70.
17. Havarneanu CE, Măirean C, Popuşoi SA. Workplace stress as predictor of risky driving behavior among taxi drivers. The role of job-related affective state and taxi driving experience. Safety science. 2019;111:264-70.
18. Al Behbani M, Mohammadi N. Psychometric Properties of Krenberg Personality Organization [In Persian]. Journal of Psychology. 2007 11(2):185-197.
19. Dimitrijević A, Hanak N, Altaras Dimitrijević A, Jolić Marjanović Z. The Mentalization Scale (MentS): A self-report measure for the assessment of mentalizing capacity. Journal of personality assessment. 2018;100(3):268-80.
20. Zhang Y, Houston R, Wu C. Psychometric examination and validation of the aggressive driving scale (ADS). Aggress Behav. 2016;42(4):313-23.
21. Willemsen J, Dula CS, Declercq F, Verhaeghe P. The Dula Dangerous Driving Index: An investigation of reliability and validity across cultures. Accid Anal Prev. 2008; 40(2): 798–806.
22. Cramer P. Defense mechanisms, behavior, and affect in young adulthood. J Pers. 2002;70(1):103-26.
23. Zoccali R, Muscatello MR, Bruno A, Cedro C, Campolo D, Pandolfo G, Meduri M. The role of defense mechanisms in the modulation of anger experience and expression: Gender differences and influence on self-report measures. Personality and Individual Differences. 2007;43(6):1426-36.
24. Tabar MS. The Role of Defense Styles and Defense Mechanisms in the Prediction of Borderline Personality Features in Non-clinical Samples. Int J Behav Sci. 2017;11(4):147-51.
25. Holmes J. Mentalizing from a psychoanalytic perspective: What’s new. Handbook of mentalization-based treatment. 2006:31-49.
26. Bateman A, Peter (Psychoanalysis Unit Fonagy, Fonagy P. Psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2004.
27. Allen JG. Mentalizing in practice. Handbook of mentalization-based treatment. 2006:3-0.
28. Alavi SS, Mohammadi MR, Soori H, Ghanizadeh M.The cognitive and psychological factors (personality, driving behavior, and mental illnesses) as predictors in traffic violations. Iran J Psychiatry. 2017;12(2):78-86.
29. Alavi SS, Mohammadi MR, Souri H, Kalhori S. M Jannatifard F, Sepahbodi G. Personality, driving behavior and mental disorders factors as predictors of road traffic accidents based on logistic regression. Iranian journal of medical sciences. 2017; 42(1): 24-31.
30. Aronson Elliot, Linzey Gradner. Hand book of social psychology. New York: Random House. 1985.
31. Rosenblum S. The Dynamics Of Human Aggression. By Ana-Maria Rizzuto, WW Meissner, SJ, Dan H. Buie. New York: Brunner-Routledge, 2004, 30. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. 2006;54(1):298-303.
32. HAQUE MM, Chin HC, Lim BC. Effects of impulsive sensation seeking, aggression and risk-taking behaviors on the vulnerability of motorcyclists. Asian Transport Studies. 2010; 1(2):165-80.
IssueVol 14 No 4 (2019) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/ijps.v14i4.1977
Aggressive Driving Mentalization Personality Organization Risky Driving

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
Seydi M, Rahimian Boogar I, Talepasand S. Determining Risky Driving according to the Constructs of Mentalization and Personality Organization with the Modifying Role of Aggressive Driving. Iran J Psychiatry. 2019;14(4):274-282.