Review Article

Population-Based Approaches to Prevent Domestic Violence against Women Using a Systematic Review


Objective: In this systematic review, we aimed to evaluate the existing strategies and interventions in domestic violence prevention to assess their effectiveness.

Method: To select studies, Pubmed, ISI, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane, Scopus, Embase, Ovid, Science Direct, ProQuest, and Elsevier databases were searched. Two authors reviewed all papers using established inclusion/ exclusion criteria. Finally, 18 articles were selected and met the inclusion criteria for assessment. Following the Cochrane quality assessment tool and AHRQ Standards, the studies were classified for quality rating based on design and performance quality. Two authors separately reviewed the studies and categorized them as good, fair, and poor quality.

Results: Most of the selected papers had fair- or poor-quality rating in terms of methodology quality. Different intervention methods had been used in these studies. Four studies focused on empowering women; 3, 4, and 2 studies were internet-based interventions, financial interventions, and relatively social interventions, respectively. Four interventions were also implemented in specific groups. All authors stated that interventions were effective.

Conclusion: Intervention methods should be fully in line with the characteristics of the participants. Environmental and cultural conditions and the role of the cause of violence are important elements in choosing the type of intervention. Interventions are not superior to each other because of their different applications.

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IssueVol 16 No 1 (2021) QRcode
SectionReview Article(s)
Domestic Violence Intervention Study Program Effectiveness Systematic Review Women

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How to Cite
Babaee E, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Asadi-Aliabadi M, Sheykholeslami A, Purabdollah M, Ashari A, Nojomi M. Population-Based Approaches to Prevent Domestic Violence against Women Using a Systematic Review. Iran J Psychiatry. 2021;16(1):94-105.