Original Article

Relationship of Hardiness Components to General Health, Spiritual Health, and Burnout: The Path Analysis


Objective: Acknowledging the key role of hardiness, importance of health and its various dimensions, the present study aimed to investigate the simultaneous relationship between hardiness components and spiritual health, burnout, and general health, among Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences staff.

Method: 307 Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences’ staff in Tehran with at least five years work experience participated in this cross-sectional study using simple random sampling. Four questionnaires were used to evaluate the participants: the 28-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) to assess general mental problems with four subscales, 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) with two aspects (frequency and intensity) and three subscales of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment, the 20-item Spiritual Well Being Scale (SWBS) Questionnaire with two subscales of religious well-being and existential well-being and the 50-item Kobasa Hardiness Questionnaire to measure psychological hardiness with three subscales of control, commitment and challenge. At the end, two conceptual models which have shown effect of hardiness and its subscales on general health, Spiritual health and burnout were evaluated by path analysis.

Results: According to the path analysis results, it was found that hardiness and its subscales, which were approved by univariable and multivariable analyses, had significant relationship with general health (direct effect: -0.525, P < 0.001), spiritual health (direct effect: 0.555, P < 0.001) and burnout (direct effect of frequency aspect: -0.523, P < 0.001). Thus, by increasing hardiness and its subscales, spiritual health increases while symptoms of illness and burnout decrease.

Conclusion: Spiritual health increases as hardiness and its subscales increase as well; therefore, symptoms of illness and burnout decrease as hardiness and its subscales increase.

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IssueVol 17 No 2 (2022) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/ijps.v17i2.8910
Mental Disorders Professional Burnout Spirituality Surveys and Questionnaires

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How to Cite
Hosseini SM, Hesam S, Hosseini SA. Relationship of Hardiness Components to General Health, Spiritual Health, and Burnout: The Path Analysis. Iran J Psychiatry. 2022;17(2):196-207.