Original Article

COVID-19 Anxiety in Children and Its Relationship with Self-Related Skills of Executive Functions


Objective: Some children experience a significant deal of anxiety during the outbreak of COVID-19. Behavioral dimensions of the executive function appear to link to situational anxiety experience. Therefore, the primary aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between self-related skills of executive functions and the level of anxiety in children (8-12-years-old) during the outbreak of COVID-19. Also, the secondary goal of this study is to predict the level of anxiety based on self-related skills of executive functions.

Method: Parents of 300 children filled out the Barkley Deficits in Executive Functioning Scale (BDEFS) and the COVID-19 anxiety scale. Data were analyzed using correlation and path analysis. A significance level of less than 0.05 was set for all tests. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22 software.

Results: Results demonstrated that self-related skills of executive functions can predict 28% of COVID-19 anxiety. The subscales of self-management (P < 0.015, t = 5.56), self-regulation (P < 0.011, t = 6.37), self-restraint (P < 0.035, t = 4.29) and emotional self-organization (P < 0.042, P = 0.222) predicted coronavirus anxiety, but self-motivation (P < 0.05, P = 0.894) did not.

Conclusion: Given that most subscales of executive function predict anxiety tied to critical situations such as the prevalence of the corona virus, it seems that greater attention should be allocated to the fostering and development of children's executive functions by teaching such skills at home by families.

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IssueVol 18 No 1 (2023) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/ijps.v18i1.11413
Anxiety Children COVID-19 Self-Management Self-Restraint

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Soltani Kouhbanani S, Zarenezhad S, Arabi SM. COVID-19 Anxiety in Children and Its Relationship with Self-Related Skills of Executive Functions. Iran J Psychiatry. 2022;18(1):55-64.