Prevalence of Mental Disorders among High-School Students in Iran: A Systematic Review
Objective: The aim of the present study is to perform a systematic review of studies that investigated the prevalence of any kind of mental disorders in high school students in Iran.
Method: A broad search was conducted in MEDLINE/PubMed, ISI web of Science, PsychINFO, CINAHL, EMBASE, and three Iranian databases, including IranPsych, IranMedex, and Scientific Information Database (SID). To cover studies not published, we did a hand searching of all theses, reports and congresses' abstract booklets which were available in IranPsych. Then, we included the original studies which reported the prevalence of any kind of mental disorders in high school students; data extraction was performed with two researchers for each document.
Results: Sixteen studies were finally included, representing 19 estimates of mental disorders in high school students, using diagnostic or screening instruments. The prevalence rate of any mental disorder reported by two studies using diagnostic instruments was equal to 16.6% and 4.34%. The median of prevalence rates of mental disorders reported in studies using screening instruments was 34.4%. There was a significant heterogeneity between the studies.
Conclusion: Prevalence rates of mental disorders were reported in a wide range in high school students of Iran. More studies with improved quality are needed in this field.
De Silva MJ, McKenzie K, Harpham T,Huttly SR. Social capital and mental illness: a systematic review. J Epidemiol Community Health 2005; 59: 619-627.
Ford T, Goodman R,Meltzer H. The British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey 1999: the prevalence of DSM-IV disorders. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2003; 42: 1203-1211.
Roberts RE, Attkisson CC,Rosenblatt A. Prevalence of psychopathology among children and adolescents. Am J Psychiatry 1998; 155: 715-725.
Sharifi M, Ranjbar M,Shamloo F. [Mental health in female pre-university students in Qazvin, Iran, 2001. Dissertation for general practitioner degree]. Tehran University of Medical Sciences; 2003.
Masoodzadeh A, Khalilian A, Ashrafi M,Kimiabeydi K. [Mental health in highschool students in Sari, Iran, 2001]. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences 2004; 45: 74-82.
Mohammadi MR, Davidian H, Noorbala AA, Malekafzali H, Naghavi HR, Pouretemad HR, et al. An epidemiological survey of psychiatric disorders in Iran. Clin Pract Epidemol Ment Health 2005; 1: 16.
Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Yasamy MT,Mohammad K. Mental health survey of the adult population in Iran. Br J Psychiatry 2004; 184: 70-73.
Saha S, Chant D, Welham J,McGrath J. A systematic review of the prevalence of schizophrenia. PLoS Med 2005; 2: e141.
Hoseini Fard SM, Birashk B,Atef Vahid M. [Prevalence of mental disorders in high school students in Rafsanjan]. Andisheh va Raftar 2005; 11: 71-80.
Mohammadi A, Shahmohammadi D,Baraheni MN. [Prevalence of mental disorders in highscholl students in Shahinshahr, Iran. Dissertation for master degree]. Iran University of Medical Sciences; 2001.
Narrow WE, Rae DS, Robins LN,Regier DA. Revised prevalence estimates of mental disorders in the United States: using a clinical significance criterion to reconcile 2 surveys' estimates. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2002; 59: 115- 123.
Farazande M. [Prevalence of mental disorders in high school students above 15 years old in Hashtgerd, 1381. Dissertation for general practitioner degree]. Iran University of Medical Sciences; 2002.
Ghandeharizadeh A. [The association between social support and mental health in adolescents. Dissertation for master degree of clinical psychology]. Mashhad Ferdowsi University; 1999.
Ghazanfari A. [The association between students identity and their mental health]. Mashhad Ferdowsi University Journal 2003; 4: 227-244.
Hoseini SH. [Mental health screening in high school students (using SCL9-0) in Sari, 2003]. Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences Journal 2004; 44: 60-67.
Hoseini SM,Hoseini SR. [The association between religion and mental health in high school student, last grade, in Ghazvin, 1999. Dissertation for general practitioner degree]. Ghazvin University of Medical Sciences; 2000.
Naderi B. Mental health and psychosocial demands of high school adolescents in Zanjan. Research project(un published). Zanjan University of Medical Sciences; 2002.
Namavar Sh. The association between stressors and mental health. Dissertation. Ahvaz University of Medical Sciences; 2005.
Rezapour M. [The association between stressors and mental health in students in Masjed-Soleiman. Dissertation for master degree]. Khoozestan University; 1995.
Salehi SM. The association between organizational climate and mental health in high school regarding Halpin and Craft Model. Research project(un published). Ministry of Education And Training; 2000.
Solhjoo F. [ Mental health in Tehran high school students, 2003. Dissertation for general practitioner degree]. Iran University of Medical Sciences; 2004.
Yousefi F,Yousefi MH. [Mental health in high school students in Sanandaj, 1997]. Kordestan University of Medical Sciences Journal 1999; 4: 24-27.
Zarabi H, Kousha M, Mohtasham Amiri Z,Kiani SA. [Mental disorders in high school students in Rasht]. Gilan University of Medical Sciences Journal 2001; 10: 50-54.
|Issue||Vol 4 No 1 (2009)|
|Iran Mental health Meta-Analysis Prevalence Psychiatry Review School Students|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|