‎ The Association between Life Satisfaction and the Extent of ‎Depression, ‎Anxiety and Stress among Iranian Nurses: A ‎Multicenter Survey

  • Manijeh Yazdanshenas Ghazwin Deputy of Treatment, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad Kavian Children’s Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohsen Ahmadloo Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Alemeh Jarchi Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Shaghayegh Golchin Javadi North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
  • Sahar Latifi‎ Deputy of Treatment, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Seyed Amir Hossein Tavakoli Mail Iranian Tissue Bank & Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mahsa ‎ Ghajarzadeh Deputy of Treatment, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords:
Anxiety, Depression, Iran, Life Stress, ‎Nurses‎

Abstract

Objective: The determinants of satisfaction of life (SWL) are poorly described among Iranian employed ‎nurses. This study aimed to assess the effect of various factors including age, gender, marital ‎status, depression, anxiety and stress on SWL among Iranian nurses.‎
Method: Employed nurses in three teaching hospitals were invited to participate in this study. Ninety-four ‎nurses (65 women and 29 men) participated in this study. Depression, anxiety, stress scale ‎‎ (DASS-21) was used to measure the related variables. Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) was ‎used to assess SWL. Multivariate analysis was utilized to examine the relationship between ‎multiple variables.
Results: A noticeable proportion of Iranian employed nurses were either dissatisfied or extremely ‎dissatisfied with life (45%). Severe depression was related to lower scores of SWLS (P: 0.001, r ‎‎= -0.32). The similar outcomes were detected between anxiety and stress scales, and SWLS (P: ‎‎0.023, r = -0.23 and P: 0.008, r = -0.27 for anxiety and stress, respectively). Although females ‎were more vulnerable to depression (P: 0.010) and stress (P: 0.013), the overall effect of gender ‎on SWL was insignificant (0.41). Satisfactions with financial power and work environment were ‎associated with higher scores of SWLS (P: 0.030 and 0.042, respectively). Marital status was not ‎related to severity of depression, anxiety, stress and SWLS (P: 0.39, 0.38, 0.80, and 0.61, ‎respectively). ‎
Conclusion: This study revealed that poor satisfaction with financial status and work environment, ‎depression, anxiety and stress are the major determinants of satisfaction with life among Iranian ‎employed nurses.‎

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Published
2016-06-01
How to Cite
1.
Yazdanshenas Ghazwin M, Kavian M, Ahmadloo M, Jarchi A, Golchin Javadi S, Latifi‎S, Tavakoli SAH, GhajarzadehM‎. ‎ The Association between Life Satisfaction and the Extent of ‎Depression, ‎Anxiety and Stress among Iranian Nurses: A ‎Multicenter Survey. Iran J Psychiatry. 11(2):120-127.
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Articles