Psychiatric Disorders and Personality Profiles of Middle-Aged Suicide Attempters with No Evidence of Specific Psychopathological Profiles Referred to an Emergency Department

  • Serge Brand University of Basel, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland AND University of Basel, Department of Sport, Exercise, and Health, Division of Sport and Psychosocial Health, Basel, Switzerland AND Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS), Department of Psychiatry, Substance Abuse Prevention Center and Sleep Disorder Prevention Center, Kermanshah, Iran.
  • Mehri Nejat Behavioral Disorders and Substances Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
  • Mohammad Haghighi Behavioral Disorders and Substances Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
  • Alireza Rahimi Behavioral Disorders and Substances Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
  • Leila Jahangard Behavioral Disorders and Substances Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
  • Dena Sadeghi Bahmani University of Basel, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
  • Hafez Bajoghli Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies (INCAS), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Edith Holsboer-Trachsler University of Basel, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
  • Mohammad Ahmadpanah Mail Behavioral Disorders and Substances Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
Keywords:
suicide attempts, middle aged patients, psychopathology, socio-demographic dimensions, emergency unit

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess socio-demographic and psychiatric characteristics of 40-65 years old suicide attempters referred to an emergency department within four hours of making their attempt.
Method: We assessed a total of 93 suicide attempters (Mage=46.59 years) referred to an emergency department. Patients completed questionnaires covering socio-demographic data, personality traits, mood, and impulsivity; experts rated patients’ psychiatric status.
Results: Experts rated 85 (92.4%) of the suicide attempters as having a psychiatric disorder. Based on self-ratings and compared to normative data, 42 (46.6%) were psychopathologically ill. Suicide attempts were not related to impulsive personality traits, mood disorders, socio-demographic patterns or gender (gender-ratio: 1:1.58;f:m).
Conclusions: The pattern of results suggests that further unknown factors were involved in pushing people to attempt suicide.

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Published
2017-10-18
How to Cite
1.
Brand S, Nejat M, Haghighi M, Rahimi A, Jahangard L, Sadeghi Bahmani D, Bajoghli H, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Ahmadpanah M. Psychiatric Disorders and Personality Profiles of Middle-Aged Suicide Attempters with No Evidence of Specific Psychopathological Profiles Referred to an Emergency Department. Iran J Psychiatry. 12(4):248-254.
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