Comparison of Personality among Mothers with Different Parenting Styles

  • Bita bahrami Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • behrooz dolatshahi Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • abbas pourshahbaz Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • parvaneh mohammadkhani Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Authoritarian, Authoritative, Parenting, Parenting Style, Personality, Permissive

Abstract

Objective: Mothers have an important role in child- rearing, and maternal personality has theoretically been considered as the most influential factor determining the parenting style, because it is thought to affect parental behavior. However, the influence of personality on parenting styles has received surprisingly little attention. The aim of the present study was to compare personality components among mothers with authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive parenting styles.Method: Using a multistage random cluster sampling method, we selected 8 kindergartens in Tehran. The sample consisted of 270 mothers with preschool children aged 4 to 6 who completed the NEO and Parental Authority Style Questionnaire.Results: Results revealed significant differences among the authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive styles in personality characteristics. There were significant differences between groups in extraversion (f(2,267) = 151.65, p≤0.0001 ), agreeableness (f(2,267)=215.23, p≤0.0001 ), conscientiousness (f(2,267)=336.016, p≤0.0001 ), neuroticism (f(2,267)=1151.1, p≤0.0001 ), and openness to experience (f(2,267)=110.8, p≤0.0001 ).Conclusion: This study revealed the significant role of personality in parenting style.

References

Diane S. Kaplan, Xiaoru Liu & Howard B. Kaplan. Family Structure and Parental Involvement in the Intergenerational Parallelism of School Adversity. Pages 235-244, published online: 01 Apr 2010.

Desjardins J, Zelenski JM and Coplan RJ (2008) an investigation of maternal personality, Parenting styles and subjective well-being. Person. & Individual Diff. 44,587-597.

Sherr L, Macedo A, Cluver L, Meinck F, Skeen S, Hensels I, et al. Parenting, the other oldest profession in the world–a cross-sectional study of parenting and child outcomes in South Africa and Malawi. Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine. 2017; 5:145-165.

Haan Md. Parenting in Malawi: An ethnographic study of the parenting attitudes and behaviors of parents in Malawi 2017.

Kopko, K. Parenting styles and adolescents. Informally published manuscript, Cooperative Extension, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York: 2007.

Knutson JF1, DeGarmo D, Koeppl G, Reid JB. Care neglect, supervisory neglect, and harsh parenting in the development of children's aggression: a replication and extension. Child Maltreat 2005; 10: 92-107.

Ainsworth MD, Blehar MC, Waters E, Wall S. Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale NJ: Erlbaum; 1978.

De Wolff MS, van Ijzendoorn MH. Sensitivity and attachment: A meta-analysis on parental antecedents of infant attachment. Child Dev 1997; 68: 571-91.

Smith CL, Calkins SD, Keane SP, Anastopoulos AD, Shelton TL. Predicting stability and change in toddler behavior problems: Contributions of maternal behavior and child gender. Developmental Psychology 2004; 40: 29–42.

Janssens J M AM, Dekovic M. Child rearing, prosocial moral reasoning, and prosocial behaviour. International Journal of Behavioral Development 1997; 20: 509–527.

Mize J1, Pettit GS. Mothers’ social coaching, mother-child relationship style and children’s peer competence: Is the medium the message? Child Dev 1997; 68: 312-332.

Cohen DA, Rice J. Parenting styles, adolescent substance use, and academic achievement. J Drug Educ 1997; 27: 199-211.

Leung K, Lau S, Lam W-L. Parenting styles and academic achievement: A cross-cultural study. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly 1998:157-172.

King KA, Vidourek RA, Merianos AL. Authoritarian parenting and youth depression: Results from a national study. J Prev Interv Community 2016; 44: 130-139.

Thompson A, Hollis C, Richards D. Authoritarian parenting attitudes as a risk for conduct problems. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 2003; 12: 84-91.

Uji M, Sakamoto A, Adachi K, Kitamura T. The impact of authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive parenting styles on children’s later mental health in Japan: Focusing on parent and child gender. J Child Fam Stud 2014; 23: 293–302.

Belsky J. The determinants of parenting: A process model. Child Dev 1984; 55: 83-96.

Sevigny PR, Loutzenhiser L. Predictors of parenting self‐efficacy in mothers and fathers of toddlers. Child Care Health Dev 2010; 36: 179-189.

Belsky J, Crnic K, Woodworth S. Personality and parenting: Exploring the mediating role of transient mood and daily hassles. J Pers 1995; 63: 905-929.

Van Bakel HJA, Riksen-Walraven JMA. Parenting and development of one-year-olds: Links with parental, contextual, and child characteristics. Child Development 2002; 73: 256-273.

Baumrind D. Child Care Practices Anteceding Three Patterns of Preschool Behavior Genet Psychol Monogr. 1967; 75: 43-88.

Bates JE, Pettit GS, and Dodge KA, Ridge B. Family and child factors in stability and change in children’s aggressiveness in elementary school. In: McCord J. Coercion and punishment in long-term perspectives. New York: Cambridge University Press; 1995.

Brenning K, Soenens B, Braet C, Bosmans G. The role of depressogenic personality and attachment in the intergenerational similarity of depressive symptoms: a study with early adolescents and their mothers. Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2011; 37: 284-297.

Levy MB, Davis KE. Lovestyles and attachment styles compared: Their relations to each other and to various relationship characteristics. Journal of social and Personal Relationships 1988; 5: 439-471.

Lee SJ, Cloninger CR, Hyun Park S, Chae H.The association of parental temperament and character on their children’s behavior problems. PeerJ 2015; 3: e1464.

Losoya SH, Callor S, Rowe DC, Goldsmith HH. Origins of familial similarity in parenting: A study of twins and adoptive siblings. Dev Psychol 1997; 33: 1012-1023.

Clark LA, Kochanska G, Ready R. Mothers’ personality and its interaction with child temperament as predictors of parenting behavior. J Pers Soc Psychol 2000; 79: 274-285.

Kochanska G, Friesenborg AE, Lange LA, Martel MM, Kochanska G. Parents’ personality and infants’ temperament as contributors to their emerging relationship. J Pers Soc Psychol 2004; 86: 744-759.

Bornstein MH, Hahn C-S, Haynes OM. Maternal personality, parenting cognitions, and parenting practices. Dev Psychol 2011; 47: 658-675.

Costa PT Jr, McCrae RR. Longitudinal stability of adult personality. In: R. Hogan R, Johnson J, Briggs S (Eds.), Handbook of personality psychology. New York: Academic Press; 1997.

Garousi Farshi M, Mehriar A, Ghazi Tabatabai M. [The use of neo personality test and analysis of features and its factor structure among Iranian university students (In Persain)]. J Humanities Res Alzahra 2001; 11: 173-198.

Buri JR. Parental authority questionnaire. J Pers Assess 1991; 57: 110-119.

Belsky J, Barends N. Personality and parenting. In: Bornstein MH. Handbook of parenting: Vol. 3. Being and becoming a parent Eds. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; 2002.

Haddad, Diana, "Maternal Personality, Stress, and Parenting Behaviors" (2015). ETD Collection for Pace University. AAI3662950.

Rothbart M, Ahadi S, Hershey K, Fisher P. Investigations of temperament at 3-7 years: The Children7s Behavior Questionnaire. Child Dev. 2001; 72: 1394-1408.

Watson D, Wiese D, Vaidya J, Tellegen A. The two general activation systems of affect: Structural findings, evolutionary considerations, and psychobiological evidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1999; 76: 820–838.

Prinzie P, Stams GJ, Deković M, Reijntjes AH, Belsky J. The relations between parents' Big Five personality factors and parenting: a meta-analytic review. J Pers Soc Psychol 2009; 97: 351-362.

Published
2018-06-14
How to Cite
1.
bahrami B, dolatshahi behrooz, pourshahbaz abbas, mohammadkhani parvaneh. Comparison of Personality among Mothers with Different Parenting Styles. ijps. 13(3):200-6.
Section
Original Article(s)